Everyday History
Mariano Trias
Daily History Filipino Politicians Philippine Revolution

Mariano Trias, de facto first VP, was born: Oct. 12, 1869

On this day in 1869, Filipino revolutionary and former Cavite governor Mariano Trias was born in San Francisco de Malabon, now known as General Trias City. Today is his 150th birth anniversary.

He was initially a member of the Katipunan’s Magdiwang Council in Cavite, serving as secretary. Later, the participants of the 1897 Tejeros Convention elected him as Vice President of Emilio Aguinaldo, the elected president of the new revolutionary government that the convention created to replace the Katipunan.

He later served in the same capacity after Aguinaldo established the Biak-na-Bato Republic. He was among the members of the Biak-na-Bato Cabinet that approved the terms of the Pact of Biak-na-Bato. The truce agreement was signed by Aguinaldo and the Spanish colonial government.

However, when Aguinaldo and several members of the Biak-na-Bato Republic went to exile in Hong Kong, Trias remained in Cavite.

He was among the revolutionaries that met with Spanish Governor General Fernando Primo de Rivera in Malacanang in January 1898 and received P6,000 as payment for laying down arms.

When Aguinaldo returned to the Philippines in May 1898 and established the First Philippine Republic, he appointed Trias as Secretary of Finance and National Defense, serving from 1898 to 1901.

Following Aguinaldo’s capture, Mariano Trias and several other members of the Republic surrendered to American authorities on March 15, 1901.

When the Americans established a civilian government in the country, Civil Governor William Howard Taft appointed him the first Civil Governor of Cavite on June 11, 1901 in accordance with Act No. 139.

He died on Jan. 22, 1914 after an appendectomy. On February 28, 1914, the Philippine Assembly passed Legislative Act No. 2390, renaming Trias’ hometown of San Francisco de Malabon to General Trias.


Zaide, Sonia M. The Philippines: A Unique Nation. Quezon City: All-Nations Publishing, 1999, p. 247

Castillo, Ma. Christina G. “Profile of Mariano Closas Trias.” Office of the Vice President of the Philippines

Abrina, Dennis. “GenTri to pay homage on hero’s 149th birth anniversary.” Philippine News Agency. October 11, 2018

Trivia Question:

In 1904, Trias was appointed honorary board member of the Filipino commission that served as the country’s delegation to what American event?

Yesterday’s answer: Felicisimo Macapagal

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