Everyday History
Malolos, Bulacan
Daily History Emilio Aguinaldo First Philippine Republic

Malolos made seat of Aguinaldo gov’t: Sept. 10, 1898

On this day in 1898, Emilio Aguinaldo, president of the Philippine Revolutionary Government, transferred the seat of his government from Bacoor in Cavite to Malolos in Bulacan.

Aguinaldo’s move was motivated by the American occupation of Manila on Aug. 13, 1898, following the mock battle between American and Spanish forces. The American occupation of the Walled City prevented their allied Filipino forces from taking the city on their own. Instead, the Filipino forces were only allowed to occupy the outskirts of the city.

This arrangement caused wide resentment among Filipinos, which resulted in tensions with the Americans.

Fearing that tensions could soon lead to war and to defend himself from a potential attack by the Americans in Manila and Cavite Nuevo, Aguinaldo decided to transfer the seat of his government from the Cuenca Mansion in Bacoor, Cavite to Malolos, Bulacan. Aguinaldo specifically chose Malolos because it was along the Manila-Dagupan Railroad and beyond the range of the American gunboats.

The Cuenca Mansion was the site of the Bacoor Assembly more than a month before, on Aug. 1, 1898, when Aguinaldo convened around 200 presidente mayores from the different towns of Luzon, to ratify a declaration of independence drafted by Apolinario Mabini.

In the same day, the provincial elections for the members of the Malolos Congress ended. He would convene the 136 elected and appointed members at the Barasoain Church on Sept. 15, 1898 for the opening of the Malolos Congress that would draft the constitution for a new republic.

Malolos would remain the capital of the republic until March 29, 1899 when Aguinaldo decided to move his capital to San Fernando, Pampanga, following the capture of Malolos by the Americans.


The Tragedy of the Republic.” Philippine Center for Masonic Studies.

Revolutionary government in Bacoor.” Philippine Center for Masonic Studies

Cruz-Araneta (October 13, 2015). “Aguinaldo Did It (1).” Manila Bulletin. Accessed via PressReader.com

History of Bulacan.” The Provincial Government of Bulacan

Trivia question:

Which building in Malolos served as the Presidential Palace and Aguinaldo’s office?

Yesterday’s answer: El Nuevo Dia

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