Everyday History
Daily History Japanese Military Administration Japanese Occupation of the Philippines World War II in the Philippines

January 3, 1942: Japanese Military Administration established

On this day in 1942, Lt. Gen. Masaharu Homma, commander-in-chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines, announced the establishment of the Japanese Military Administration in the country following his forces occupation of country’s capital city, Manila, the previous day. He also proclaimed the country’s inclusion in the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere, Imperial Japan’s sphere of influence composed of countries and territories it had occupied throughout the war.

Photo shows Homma (fourth from left) with the members of the Philippine Executive Commission at the former official residence of the US High Commissioner in January 1942. Photo from the Presidential Museum and Library.

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